The following transportation information is from the Information from Statistical and Analytical Report 2000-2007:
Government’s Objective on Transport and Growth
The government’s objectives on transport and growth as indicated in the GPRS II are:
- Ensure the provision, expansion and maintenance of transport infrastructure of all kinds
- Ensure the provision of affordable, safe and accessible transportation system that recognizes the needs of people and business enterprises including farmers
- Develop and strengthen the appropriate legal, institutional and regulatory framework to regulate all modes of transportation to ensure an efficient transportation system
Road Transport Sub-sector
Road transportation continues to be the most dominant and accessible. The total road network as at the end of 2007 was 64,323 km. Road transport infrastructure can be used throughout to facilitate the exchange of commodities and enable regular school attendance and fast access to health facilities. Investment in this sub-sector therefore will directly contribute to poverty reduction by way of:
- Lower transport costs and make the goods consumed by poor people more affordable and their products more competitive
- Create employment and increase incomes
Air Transport Sub-sector
The aviation industry in Ghana is becoming vibrant and it is expanding in terms of infrastructure, operations and services. An Airport Management Company has been established to focus on aerodrome infrastructure and operations. The Company is responsible for the planning, development, management and maintenance of all public airports and airstrips in the country. The aim of the sector is to promote a competitive, efficient, affordable and cost effective aviation sector, whilst ensuring safety and security standards as well as orderly growth of air transport in the country.
Railway Transport Sub-sector
The total route length and track length of the rail network is 947 km and 1300 km respectively. It is limited to the southern part of Ghana within the Greater Accra, Central, Western, Eastern and Ashanti regions. Plans are underway to revamp the operations of the Ghana Railway Company Limited to make it more viable, and to attract private sector participation. Concession agreements have been signed by the Ghana Railway for the development and extension of the Eastern Line and the rehabilitation of the Western Corridor.
Maritime Transportation Sub-sector
There are two main seaports in Ghana which are located in the southern coastal cities of Tema and Takoradi. There are a lot of programes, such as container terminal project, that are being implemented to modernize these two ports to enable them to be more effective and efficient in their operations. The port services include vessel handling, stevedoring, shore handling, transit storage facilities and related services and cargo.
Inland Transportation Sub-sector
Inland water transport includes the movement of passengers and cargo on rivers, lakes and other water bodies in the country.
The Volta Lake is the major inland water transport facility that is efficiently regulated by the Government to transport passengers and cargo. The main transport service provider on the Volta Lake is the Volta Lake Transport Company Limited (VLTC).
The Ministry of Harbors and Railways and the Volta River Authority collectively have oversight responsibility over the Volta Lake is the Volta Lake Transport Company Limited (VLTC).
Transport service on the Volta Lake is hampered by the perennial low water level as well as the presence of tree stumps and sand banks that impede the smooth movement of vessels and boats. Currently there is a programme to remove the tree stumps, an activity which will make the lake more navigable and safe.